Vlarem-legislation regarding public swimming pools

09 March 2018
Vlarem-legislation regarding public swimming pools

Vlarem-legislation regarding public swimming pools

When you plan on building a publicly accessible swimming pool in Flanders, it's important the swimming pool complies with the Flemish environmental legislation (Vlarem II).

Even public swimming pools that are privately owned, for instance in a hotel or wellness centre, are subject to this legislation. Only swimming pools that are attached to private homes and not open to the public (whether for free, or for a direct or indirect fee) are exempt from this environmental legislation.

his legislation imposes different standards on jacuzzis, indoor and outdoor pools, paddling pools, immersion pools and therapy pools. Water quality (inspections and treatment systems), construction (materials, ventilation, sanitary) and safety (supervision, first aid, fire safety, storage of chemicals) are all strictly and extensively regulated.

Water quality requirements (Vlarem II standards)

 

 

Indoor swimming pool

Outdoor swimming pool

Whirlpool

Immersion pool

Paddling pool

Water temperature

Upper limit

< 32°C

< 32°C

< 36°C

< 20°C

< 32°C

pH

Lower limit

7.0

7.0

7.0

6.8

6.8

 

Upper limit

7.6

7.6

7.6

8.0

8.0

Free chlorine

Lower limit

0.5 mg/l

0.5 mg/l

1 mg/l

1 mg/l

0.5 mg/l

 

Upper limit

1.5 mg/l

3 mg/l

3 mg/l

3 mg/l

3 mg/l

Bound chlorine

Upper limit

< 1.0 mg/l

< 1.0 mg/l

< 1,0 mg/l

< 1.0 mg/l

< 1,0 mg/l

Average relative humidity

Upper limit

65%

65%

65%

65%

65%

Inspection of public swimming pools

Inspection of public swimming pools

All public swimming pools are required by law to have monthly samples taken by a recognised laboratory. In addition, the water quality must be checked several times daily.

You can expect an unannounced inspection at least twice a year, which is conducted by the Flemish Agency for Care and Health. During this test, the inspectors will check hygiene maintenance, water quality and the overall safety of the pool.

Should the agency come across a violation, the proprietor must immediately take appropriate remedial action. There is even a real risk of the swimming pool (temporarily) being closed down until a safe and healthy water quality can be guaranteed. However, this measure is only enforced to prevent any unnecessary health risks.

Indoor swimming pool

Outdoor swimming pool

Whirlpool

Immersion pool

Paddling pool

Analyses carried out by the proprietor

3x/day

3x/day

3x/day

3x/day

3x/day

Recognised 'water' laboratory

monthly

fortnightly

monthly

monthly

monthly

Flemish Agency for
Care and Health

2x/year

2x/year

2x/year

2x/year

2x/year

 

Do you have any more questions regarding the Vlarem II legislation on public swimming pools? Please contact us any time! Our specialists will quickly bring you up to date.